Did you know that Australia is the largest country in the Southern hemisphere, which is the half (hemisphere) of Earth that is south of the Equator, and Australia is the largest country without land borders. It is also the driest inhabited continent in the world.
Australia is the sixth largest country in the world, after Russia, Canada, the USA, China and Brazil.
Australia also known as Oceania is the smallest continent of the seven continents and although some consider Australia as the largest island in the world, Australia is commonly referred to as a country and a continent. Greenland, which is a part of the Kingdom of Denmark, is the biggest island in the world.
Australia is home to many animal species. In fact, Australia houses more than 10% of the world’s animals and plant varieties.
Among the most well-known Australian animals are kangaroos, wombats, koalas and the dingo. The road signs in Australia warn drivers about wild animals – mainly kangaroos – that might cross the roads.
Speaking of Kangaroos, they are marsupials, which means, they carry their babies in their pouches and baby kangaroos are called Joeys.
Wombats are also marsupials. While they have very sharp teeth, they are herbivores, which means they eat grasses, bark and roots.
A Koala, or as some people refer to them, Koala bear, is also a plant-loving animal and its closest living relative is the wombat. It’s diet is many eucalyptus leaves and it sleeps up to 20 hours a day!
And then there’s the dingo. While it has an ancient lineage of dog, it is not a dog breed. Nor is it a pet. It is fast, agile, and has lots of stamina. It has been such a successful predator in Australia that one of the largest fences every built – an astounding 3488.4 miles in length – was constructed to try to keep them under control.
The highest mountain of Australia is Mount Kosciuszko (KOZ-ee-OS-koh) standing at a whopping 7,310 ft. This mountain is in the Great Dividing Range.
The Great Dividing Range is the longest mountain range in Australia stretching over 32,175 miles.
Uluru, previously referred to also as Ayers Rock, is located in the center of the country and is the largest alone standing rock in the world.
And you cannot talk about Australia without mentioning the Great Barrier Reef which is the biggest coral reef system in the world. The reef consists of more than 3,000 reefs and 900 islands. The Barrier Reef is home to over 350 species of corals and over 1,500 species of fish.
So now you know more about Australia. What was your favorite fact? Thanks for exploring with me. See ya next time when we travel … Around The World.